Cristina Morato-Gabao ¹ , David Navares-López ² , Rosa Pérez-Martínez ² , Laura Romero-de-los-Reyes ² , Lucía Solier- López ²
1 Estudiante del Programa de Doctorado en Psicología de la Universidad de Granada (UGR)
1 Student of the PhD Programme in Psychology at the University of Granada (UGR)
2 Student of the MSc in Basic Applied Neurosciences and Pain at the University of Granada (UGR)
Marina Fernández-Basallo ³ , Alicia Gómez-Patiño ³ , Julia González-Cuenca ³ , María Repiso-Núñez ³ , María Pineda- Cantos ³ , Javier Saldaña-Martínez3
3 Student of the BA in Translation and Interpreting at the University of Granada (UGR)
In the last few years, localized neuropathic pain has reached a prevalence rate of over 50% in patients who have attended pain clinics. Moreover, 20% of the chronic pain that patients suffer is neuropathic. Therefore, it is necessary to provide an adequate definition, diagnosis, and intervention in order to deal with this syndrome and improve patients’ quality of life. The aim of this article is to carry out a review of the existing literature on this syndrome that has been published in recent years. Moreover, a complementary objective of this article is to create an approach to localized neuropathic pain by focusing on its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment, which can be pharmacological (e.g. lidocaine and capsaicin in topical formulation) or non-pharmacological. In the end, there is a final section with a discussion and some future perspectives about the study of localized neuropathic pain.
Keywords: localized neuropathic pain, chronic pain, capsaicin, lidocaine.