Laura Mariana Amador-Castilla 1
Joaquín Javier Camacho-Tapia 1
María Esperanza Romero-Barrionuevo 1
1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada (UGR)
Graciela Isabel Piedra-Molina2
Andrea Moreira-Piñero 2
Ana Rodríguez-Martín 2
Antonio Moral-Pulido 2
María Leonés-Alonso 2
Marta Mozola 2
2 Faculty of Translation and Interpreting, University of Granada (UGR)
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the virus that causes the coronavirus disease 2019, also known as COVID-19. Over 900,000 people have died of COVID-19 in Europe since the beginning of the pandemic. The aim of this review is to analyze the impact of the pandemic on the mental health of doctors and nurses throughout Europe.
The studied risk factors were: being young, being female, the lack of adequate protective equipment and the fear of becoming infected and transmitting the virus to relatives, patients and colleagues. The most frequent protective factors were: the access to adequate protective equipment, knowing the protocols against COVID-19 and studying the disease. In general, there was an increase in anxiety, stress, insomnia, depression and even suicidal ideation.
The most frequent negative effects observed in doctors were guilt, confusion and exhaustion. However, the social recognition of their work had a very positive influence on them. As for nurses, several studies considered that they suffered more than doctors during the pandemic due to a closer contact with patients. However, the fact that they had to make a greater effort to care for patients increased their compassion satisfaction more than among doctors.
The COVID-19 pandemic has presented the health care system with a challenge. Stress and difficult decision making in extreme situations have had a negative impact on the mental health of doctors and nurses. Therefore, the implementation of measures that support their mental health is recommended.
The result is mostly consistent with a negative impact on the mental health of doctors and nurses. This is an issue that should be addressed in a more natural way within these groups. This would also benefit patients, because they would receive higher quality care.
Keywords: COVID-19, mental health, doctors, nurses, effects, risk factors.
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