Carmen Elena Jiménez-Gutiérrez¹, Pablo Redruello-Guerrero².
- Faculty of Nursing, University of Granada (UGR).
- Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada (UGR).
Carmen Bohórquez-Gavira³, Sandra Gutiérrez-Bullón³, Javier León-Saniger³, María Pineda-Cantos³, Luís Manuel Porrero-Triguero³, Javier Tarín-Marín³.
3. Faculty of Translation and Interpreting, University of Granada (UGR).
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common and incapacitating pain conditions globally. Its current treatment is essentially pharmacological, leading to a large consumption of painkillers and opioids. The present non-systematic review collects data from various clinical trials evaluating the effects of physical activity in low back pain management and organizes them into different age groups. Early treatment in adolescents based on physical activity combined with spinal manipulative therapy shows a decrease in chronic low back pain. In adults, various combination therapies have been reviewed with mixed results. Lumbar stimulation combined with activities such as walking has been found to be the most significant one. Physical activity shows great benefits in the elderly population, because it reduces the intake of painkillers. These findings stress the value of exercise as an alternative to pharmacological treatment in low back pain management.
Keywords: low back pain, physical activity, adolescents, adults, elderly